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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 甘瓊瑤(1997)。教師情緒勞務負荷與教師效能感之研究----以新竹縣市高中職教師為例。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  2. 江文慈(2004)。實習教師的情緒地圖:社會建構的觀點。教育心理學報,36 (1),59-83。
  3. 江文慈(2009)。「和顏悅色」與「忍氣吞聲」的背後:國小教師情緒勞動的心路歷程分析。教育心理學報,40(4),P553-576。
  4. 吳嘉澤(2006)。從教師的情緒勞務談對學校人力資源管理的啟示。學校行政,41,127-136。
  5. 李昱祺(2011)。基隆市國小教師情緒管理與工作滿意度之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李謹如(2013)。國小教師之情緒勞務:正向管教政策之衝擊。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-223。
  2. 劉怡君(2015)。嘉義縣國民小學教師情緒勞務與學校組織氣氛關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2015。1-186。
  3. 吳婉甄(2015)。遠端監控下幼兒教師情緒勞務之研究─以一所私立幼兒園為例。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2015。1-120。
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