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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 355 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雪鳳、陳宇嘉、劉波兒、劉麗芳﹙2009﹚。第2型糖尿病自我效能相關性之
  2. 王振宇(2010)。糖尿病共同照護網患者憂鬱狀態之探討。(未出版碩士論文)。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2002)。糖尿病共同照護工作指引手冊。2013年
  4. 行政院衛生署﹙2011﹚。100年度衛生統計動向。2013年3月10日取自
  5. 行政院衛生署(2012)。中華民國公共衛生年報。台北市:行政院衛生
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李惠英(2016)。運用食物圖片單張輔助個別化營養衛教對慢性腎臟病患之營養知識、態度及行為成效。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2016。1-78。
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