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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳銘達、廖珮妏(2009)。科技大學及技術學院學校文化、教師人格特質、教學動機與創意教學之研究。中華理論結構模式 LISREL 學會,2(1),1-17。
  2. 李新民、陳密桃(2007)。實用智能、目標導向、自我效能對工作表現之影響探析:以幼兒教師為例。教育學刊,28,63-100。
  3. 林偉文(2006),學校創意守門人對創意教學及創造力培育態度與教師創意教學之關係。國立高雄師範大學教育學系教育學刊,27,69-92。
  4. 林碧芳、趙長寧、邱皓政(2010)。中小學教師創意教學效能與內在動機模式之檢驗──一項中介效果的驗證。創造學刊,1(1),65-92。
  5. 洪久賢、洪榮昭、林麗娟、蔡長艷(2007)。影響教師創意教學因素之研究-以綜合活動領域為例。師大學報:教育類,52(2),49-71。
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