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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院金融監督管理委員會證券期貨局(2006)。上市上櫃公司治理實務守則,作者發行。
  2. 陳淑珠(2006)。公司治理、公司價值與投資人關係關聯性之研究 - 以台灣上市公司之投資人為研究對象。靜宜大學管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 黃獻德(2004)。公司治理之資訊揭露與投資者信念關係之研究。大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文。
  4. 鄭國鴻(2004)。公司治理與組織績效之相關性研究 - 以台灣中小企業為研究對象。靜宜大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. Abarbanell, J. S., Lanen, W. N., & Verrecchia, R. E. (1995).Analysts' forecasts as proxies for investor beliefs in empirical research. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 20(1), 31-60.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴可容(2012)。公司治理機制對個別類型投資人交易行為之影響性。政治大學財務管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-64。
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