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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李柏賢 (2010) 盤固拉草堆肥添加康木黴菌防治甘藍幼苗立枯病之探 討。國立屏東科技大學植物保護系碩士論文。屏東。88頁。
  2. 曾德賜 (2008) 台灣生物農藥之研發與產業化應用-問題與展望,第155 -173頁。節能減碳與作物病害管理研討會專刊。行政院農業委 員會農業試驗所、中華民國植物病理學會。台中。206頁。
  3. 楊正偉 (2006) 苦茶粕防治甘藍幼苗立枯病之效果與其有效成分之鑑 定。國立中興大學植物病理學系碩士論文。49頁。
  4. 鍾宜穎、吳文希 (2000) 利用 Bacillus megaterium 防治百合Rhizoctonia 根腐病。植病會刊 9: 59-68。
  5. 鄧雅靜、陳俊位、戴振洋 (2008) 促進植物生長之根棲細在番茄栽培上之應用。臺中區農業專訊 63: 21-23。
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