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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今、苗迺芳、陳鳳音、張玉梅、陳靜敏(2009)。臺灣社區老人的健康行為及其相關因素研究。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,29,73-94。
  2. 石泱(2009)。不同居住型態老人社會支持與生活適應影響因素之研究。東吳社會工作學報,21,27-54。
  3. 江信男、林旻沛、柯慧貞(2005)。臺灣地區老人的生理疾病多寡、自覺生理健康、社會支持度與憂鬱嚴重度。臨床心理學刊,2(1),11-22。
  4. 何華欽、趙善如(2010)。單親家庭家長心理幸福感模型之研究:以屏東縣原住民與非原住民為例。臺大社會工作學刊,22,1-52。
  5. 吳友欽、李嵩義(2012)。高雄市國中小補校高齡學習者社會支持與幸福感關係之研究。樹德科技大學學報,14(1),1-28。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李秋譁(2014)。不同衛教方式對術後病人自控式止痛的認知及滿意度成效之探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2014。1-106。 
  2. 凃淑玲(2011)。護理指導對外科傷口照護之成效探討。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-134。
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