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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江民瑜、黃蕙君、林俊瑩(2005)。國小學生家長參與學校教育之性別差異:以高雄縣市為例。教育與社會研究,8,81-114。
  2. 吳武典、林繼威(1982)。家庭與學校聯繫程度與兒童學業成就和生活適應之關係。國立台灣師範大學教育心理學報,15,127-138。
  3. 吳武典、陳秀蓉(1978)。教師領導行為與學生的期待、學業成就及生活適應。教育心理學報,l1,87-104。
  4. 卓石能(2002)。都市原住民學童族群認同與其自我概念生活適應之關係研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立屏東師範學院國民教育研究所,屏東。
  5. 林雅文(2009)。國小低年級學生家長參與學校教育之研究:以台中縣為例(未出版之碩士論文)。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系碩士班,台中。
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