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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 243 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] Cadbury D., The feminization of nature: Our future at risk, 1997: Penguin ,New York.
  2. [4] Focazio M. J., Kolpin D. W., Barnes K. K., Furlong E. T., Meyer M. T., Zaugg S. D., Barber L. B., and Thurman M. E.,2008, “A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the united states—ii) untreated drinking water sources”, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 402,No.2, pp. 201-216.
  3. [5] Barnes K. K., Kolpin D. W., Furlong E. T., Zaugg S. D., Meyer M. T., and Barber L. B.,2008, “A national reconnaissance of pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the united states—i) groundwater”, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 402,No.2, pp. 192-200.
  4. [8] Daughton C. G. and Ternes T. A.,1999, “Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment: Agents of subtle change?”, Environmental Health Perspectives, pp. 907-938.
  5. [9] Ashton D., Hilton M., and Thomas K.,2004, “Investigating the environmental transport of human pharmaceuticals to streams in the united kingdom”, Science of the total environment, vol. 333,No.1, pp. 167-184.
Times Cited (25) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃劭彥(Shaio-Yan Huang);鍾宇軒(Yu-Hsuan Chung);王元章(Yung-Jang Wang)(2014)。董事會特性是否影響公司財務盈餘預測型態與指引精確性的選擇?。證券市場發展季刊。26(3)。1-46。 
  2. 陳愉錡(2014)。南部溪流水體、底泥、魚體中雌激素類化合物的分佈及生物累積之探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2014。1-84。 
  3. 郭旭芩(2014)。溪流中雄性尼羅口孵魚之卵黃前質基因表現與內分泌干擾物質之流佈探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2014。1-85。 
  4. 吳雅靜(2014)。以端足目(Hyalella azteca)進行污泥中藥物及個人防護用品經壓力輔助臭氧處理前後之毒性效應探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2014。1-105。 
  5. 張治民(2013)。以Daphnia magna進行臺灣南部地區污水處理廠及其承受水體中新興污染物之風險評估。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2013。1-78。 
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