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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.任國炙(2006)。護理人員創造力人格、情緒智力、問題解決與工作績效之關係(碩士論文)。中興大學,台中市。
  2. 7.池文海、張書豪、邱奕盛(2009)。影響台灣高科技電子產業組織績效之研究。企業管理學報,80,1-31。
  3. 8.池文海、楊宗儒、呂正雄(2008)。內部行銷與情緒智力對員工績效之影響。中華管理學報,9卷3期,1-22。
  4. 9.吳安妮、劉俊儒(2001)。員工面、內部營運面、及顧客面對財務績效影響之實證研究。臺灣管理學刊,1卷1期,125-150。
  5. 11.吳萬益、林志成、傅貞夙(2006)。領導型態與組織文化對組織承諾與組織績效影響之研究-以台灣不同國籍製藥廠為例。企業管理學報,71,35-76。
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