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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 方金寶(2006)。以Porter鑽石模型探討台灣文化創意產業發展策略與法規。國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。未出版,台南市。
  2. 7. 古世煒(2005)。生物科技園區產業群聚影響因素之研究--以台灣蘭花生物科技園區為例。臺中健康暨管理學院經營管理研究所碩士論文。未出版,台中縣。
  3. 10. 米田和夫(2007)。蝴蝶蘭(蔡金川,蔡媦婷譯)。台中市:國立中興大學農業暨自然資源學院農業推廣中心
  4. 12. 余正和(2006)。蝴蝶蘭消費者線上購買行為及期望價值之研究。國立中興大學農業推廣教育研究所碩士論文。未出版,台中市。
  5. 14. 吳佳育(2007)。小品蝴蝶蘭盆栽消費者偏好之研究。國立台灣大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。未出版,台北市。
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