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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 217 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江淑瑩(2007)。大學生服務性社團參與、人際關係及人生目標之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台北教育大學,台北市。
  2. 呂銀益、紀明德(1997)。大專院校運動性社團功能之探討。大專體育,30,91-93。
  3. 李世元(2002)。運動社團的經營管理。運動管理,3,113-117。
  4. 李美蘭(2005)。大學生社團參與、社團運作及社團評價之研究-以淡江大學社團學生為例。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,台北市。
  5. 李思賢、張弘潔、李蘭、吳文琪(2006)。家庭及學校的社會資本與國小學童內化行為問題之關係。中華心理衛生學刊,19(3),231-254。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃威樺(2015)。高中生運動社團參與動機、升學壓力與課業延宕關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-95。 
  2. 簡雅雪(2015)。青少年參與廟會陣頭活動之相關因素研究-以屏東地區高中職學生為例。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-143。 
  3. 謝東波(2013)。大學校院學生社團參與動機、社團涉入及學習成效之探討-以朝陽科技大學為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-110。
  4. 劉國良(2014)。社區運動性社團參與動機對團體氣氛與運動承諾影響之研究-以 台中市海線地區為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-98。
  5. 陳青眉(2015)。國中生休閒參與對課業壓力與學業成就影響之探討─以台中市國中生為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-119。
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