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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅玲(2010)。高職餐飲管理科學生校外實習學習成效之影響因素探討。未出版碩士論文,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系研究所,台中。
  2. 李啟誠與江建良(1998)。專科學校企業管理科校外實習之研究。正修學報,11,197-215。
  3. 何志峰與高玉芬(1999)。產學合作之控制機制設計。技術及職業教育雙月刊,53,25-27。
  4. 何光明與楊玲惠(2011)。餐飲技職教育學生學習滿意度與生涯自我效能對職涯選擇影響之研究-以大同技術學院餐飲管理系為例。運動休閒餐旅研究,6(2),80-107。
  5. 吳淑禎與吳武忠(2006)。實習生的工作表現與工作滿意分析-以觀光產業為例。餐旅暨家政學刊,3(4),473-491。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂孟庭(2016)。學生校外實習課程自我調整學習策略之研究-以會計系學生為例。朝陽科技大學會計系學位論文。2016。1-102。
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