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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.王毓敏、林繼正、陳月嬌(2008)。EMBA 班學習動機、價值觀、學習障礙與學習行為之探討。國立虎尾科技大學學報,27(1),89-108。
  2. 7.李柏英(2002)。評價歷程的理論與測量:探討價值觀與情境關聯的新取向。應用心理研究,14(夏),79-116。
  3. 9.杜瑞澤、吳志南(2005)。消費者環保意識態度與綠色消費行為對綠色產品設計之影響-以家具為例。設計學報,10(3),21-35。
  4. 10.沈進成、吳雅筠、熊偉伶、王致遠、戴文惠(2006)。主題餐廳菜單設計評估指標建構-以修正式德菲法與層級分析法為例。運動休閒餐旅研究,6(3),1-27。
  5. 15.林靖權、蔡進發、葉時碩(2006)。台灣宗教信徒素食消費行為之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,1(1),42-67。
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