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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何柔慧(2003)。臺北縣國民小學教師教育改革壓力知覺與專業承諾之相關研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 吳明珠(2005)。桃竹苗四縣市國民小學校長教學領導與教師專業承諾之研究 。國立新竹教育大學教育研究所論文,未出版,新竹。
  3. 吳俊憲(2008)。試辦中小學教師專業發展評鑑:實施檢討與改進。國教之友, 59(3),39-46。
  4. 呂幸珠(2007)。桃園縣公立國民中學導師工作壓力與工作倦怠相關之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  5. 李明怡(2006)。宜蘭縣國民小學實施學校本位教師評鑑之研究。國立花蓮教育大學學校行政碩士論文,未出版,花蓮。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡苑如(2011)。新北市北海岸偏遠及小型國民小學教師專業發展需求、參與及滿意度之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-159。 
  2. 賴卉青(2014)。一所私立高中教師對於教師專業發展評鑑之認知。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-104。 
  3. 蕭永敏(2011)。國小健康與體育教師工作壓力、專業認同與職涯滿意度關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2011。1-138。 
  4. 王麗英(2011)。國民小學校長專業領導行為與教師專業發展關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-146。 
  5. 林晉德(2013)。情緒智力對籃球裁判工作壓力與工作滿意度之探討。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-102。
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