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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王裕順(2003)。台灣地區家犬數目變化趨勢及其原因探討。國立台灣大學獸醫學研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
  2. 6. 江佩儀(2004)。應用寵物治療於護理之家之經驗分享。長期照護雜誌,8(2),118-124。
  3. 10. 李銘輝(1991)。遊憩需求與遊客行為特性之探討。戶外遊憩研究,4(1),17-33。
  4. 12. 李素馨(1997)。都市女性休閒類型和休閒阻礙。戶外遊憩研究,(10)1,43-68。
  5. 14. 林若慧、吳芳儀(2006)。認真休閒者之動機、承諾與休閒結果關係之研究—以非營利組織志工為例。戶外遊憩研究,19(1),77-100。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李盈瑩(2010)。寵物飼養意願研究-消費者社會化、消費者資源與動機之應用。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2010。1-116。 
  2. 李進發(2010)。「我的公園•牠的遊樂場」城市中狗地景的變遷-中和四號公園遛狗專區。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。
  3. 黃鈺惠(2011)。犬與飼主關係之生活型態對寵物商品購買行為之影響。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-106。
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