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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂源三、莊玉嬪、詹德欽、莊家銘、洪弘昌(2006).老人健康需求與長期照護觀點.台灣老年醫學雜誌,2(1),1-11。
  2. 邱啟潤、張永源、陳武宗、黃洽鑽、黃忠信(2000).高樹鄉農村老人健康狀況的評估研究.護理研究,8(2),227-240。
  3. 周玉慧、莊義利(2000).晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康之變遷:長期資料分析.人文及社會科學集刊,12(2) ,281-317。
  4. 秦毛漁、邱啟潤、蕭正光、盧德發,(2003).社區獨居老人自覺健康狀況及醫療服務使用相關醒性之探討.慈濟護理雜誌,2(2),66-74。
  5. 許可達、王言、王安平、賴庭祥(2007).台灣地區長期照護需求推估之研究-灰色預測模式之應用).第八屆管理學域學術研討會論文集.台中:朝陽科技大學。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫士強(2013)。獨居榮民入住安養機構意願之探討-以豐原榮民服務處管轄區為範圍。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2013。1-167。
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