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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方蕙玲,『「老人照護」倫理原則及其應用』,明新學報36 卷 第2 期,175-188,
  2. 方妙玲,「倫理領導、信任、個人需求實現對組織承諾的影響」,企業管理學報,第74 期,1-40,2007。
  3. 朱航,「基於全面風險管理角度的保險公司治理結構分析」,多國籍企業管理評論,第 3 卷第 1 期,219-233,2009。
  4. 范惟翔、張瑞鉉、謝惠蓉,「保險商品核心利益、企業形象與顧客價值對顧客承諾之影響關係研究」,顧客滿意學刊,第四卷 第一期,頁35 ~ 頁68,2008。
  5. 高森永、劉慧蓉,「產官學界菁英對於規劃長期照護保險制度之看法」,醫療品質雜誌,第三卷,第一期,20-46,2004。
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