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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方雅亭, & 卓國雄 (2010). 社會支持與運動行爲之探討. 臺灣水域運動休閒論壇與學術研討會論文集(2010), 42-49.
  2. 王澤惠 (1997). 目標設定、自我效能、競爭及個人特質與運動表現之影響. 臺大體育(31), 41-48.
  3. 王麗雲, 曾泓富, 王慧卿, & 張玉珍 (2003). 成人肥胖、肥胖型態與血脂、血糖及血壓之相關研究. 長庚護理, 14(3), 217-225.
  4. 吳德敏, 申慕韓, 楊士賢, 王淑娟, 孫建安, 楊燦. (2005). 年輕肥胖男性心血管疾病危險因子聚集現象:以健康檢查族群為例. 中華職業醫學雜誌, 12(4), 215-227.
  5. 李尹暘, 林曉佩, & 林君怡 (2007). 自我效能理論之分析與應用. 澄清醫護管理雜誌, 3(2), 46-52.
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