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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李光中、張惠珠、王鑫、黃可欣、王玲琪、蔡嘉玲(2008)。促進鄉村學校和社區協同規劃社區發展計畫之行動研究:以臺東利吉和富源社區為例。環境教育研究,5(2),91-132。
  2. IIED 2005. Stakeholder Power Analysis. (last accessed 31 May 2012)
  3. WWF 2005. Cross-cutting tool: Stakeholder analysis. Resources for implementing the WWF standards. (last accessed 20 May 2012).
  4. 中國時報 [Zhong guo shi bao; China Times] 2006。臺東 10 所國小分校明年擬裁一半 [Tai dong 10 suo guo xiao fen xiao ming nian ni cai yi ban]。中國時報 [Zhong guo shi bao; China Times],8月31日,南部焦點 C1 版。
  5. Kilpatrick, S., and R. Bell. 1998. Review of research...VET for people from rural/non metropolitan areas. Adelaide: National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER)..
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉婉羚(2014)。文化地景變遷與保育機制之研究-探討屏東大鵬灣漁業文化地景發展。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2014。1-216。 
  2. 唐韻甯(2016)。臺北市國民小學推動食農教育之制度能力研究。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所學位論文。2016。1-174。 
  3. 林書楷(2013)。PPGIS促進溝通之成效-美濃國家自然公園案例分析。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2013。1-115。 
  4. 林心捷(2013)。地景特質評估在高中地理教學之應用---以基隆市和平島公園為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2013。1-131。 
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