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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李逸(2004)。公共衛生護理人員工作壓力感受、因應策略與壓力結果之探討―互動型工作壓力模式為架構。台灣衛誌,23,398-405。
  2. 陸洛、李惠美、謝天渝(2005)。牙醫師職業壓力與身心健康、職業倦怠之關係:以高雄市牙醫師為例。應用心理研究,27,59-80。
  3. Ben-Zur, H,Michael, K.(2007).Burnout, social support, and coping at work among social workers, psychologists, and nurses: the role of challenge/control appraisals.Soc Work Health Care,45,63-82.
  4. Chiu, YL,Chung, RG,Wu, CS,Ho, CH(2009).The effects of job demands, control, and social support on hospital clinical nurses' intention to turn over.Appl Nurs Res,22,258-63.
  5. Delobelle, P,Rawlinson, JL,Ntuli, S,Malatsi, I,Decock, R,Depoorter, AM(2011).Job satisfaction and turnover intent of primary healthcare nurses in rural South Africa: a questionnaire survey.J Adv Nurs,67,371-83.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏靖倫(2015)。青年海外打工經驗與工作價值觀之契合對其海外職涯發展之影響。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-97。 
  2. 陳香妡(2016)。組織公民行為、組織公平為干擾變數下工作壓力、職業倦怠與離職傾向之研究-以高屏地區書記官為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2016。1-80。
  3. 陳佩渝(2016)。高中職教師工作壓力、休閒參與及職業倦怠相關性之研究-台中市為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-112。
  4. 蘇怡寧(2016)。偏遠地區國小組織氣氛與教師離職傾向之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-112。
  5. 張倖慈(2017)。不當督導、情感性承諾與離職意向關係之研究-以團隊成員交換關係為調節變項。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-87。
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