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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪清德(2004)。使命感, 客戶網路和供應商網路:影響我國電子資訊產業代工和自創品牌策略抉擇因素的探討。管理學報,21(4),473-474。
  2. 張可盈、印永翔(2004)。高科技產業「策略聯盟」之探討─生物技術產業之實證應用。經濟研究,40(1),33-60。
  3. 陳世傑、李文瑞、洪廣朋、陳律睿、蔡明叡(2006)。網際網路之運用與溝通對技術移轉及聯盟績效影響之研究。交大管理學報,26(2),215-242。
  4. 黃國哲、Lu, Ning、許怡欣、許玫玲、湯澡薰(2004)。醫院策略聯盟對於其營運績效的影響。醫務管理期刊,5(3),340-355。
  5. 熊欣華、于卓民、司徒達賢(2004)。策略聯盟夥伴之合作信心建立─台灣資訊電子業之實證分析。管理學報,21(4),477-497。
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃世明(2018)。影響牙醫診所選購高單價設備之關鍵因素-以水雷射為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2018。1-63。 
  2. 李英睿(2017)。以資源為基礎之結構-行為-績效觀點下的策略群組分析:台灣太陽能電池產業實證研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-78。 
  3. 謝靜如(2014)。從服務流程再造與服務創新模式之觀點分析出版業之合作模式。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-72。 
  4. 張鳳菊(2014)。奢侈稅對投資客購屋決策與房地產代銷服務業銷售模式之影響-以桃園房地產業現場銷售觀點。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-74。 
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