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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳慧君、黃奕仁、譚彥(2003)。24小時超級馬拉松對跑者血球變化及鐵代謝之影響。體育學報,34,1-11。
  2. 李建明、黃欽永、黃谷臣、湯馥君(2002)。不同年齡層參與馬拉松賽的血液生化值之比較。大專體育學刊,4(2),157-164。
  3. 林啓川、張鼎乾、詹淑月(2002)。從運動賽會之舉辦談運動產業的發展。北體學報,10,195-202。
  4. 邱亦涵、黃國欽、徐廣明、徐台閣(2003)。42公里馬拉松賽跑對初級細胞性免疫的抑制與恢復狀況之探討。北體學報,11,17-27。
  5. 洪祥洲、黃郁惠(2003)。運動賽會贊助承辦人訪談個案-以91年全國中等學校運動會爲例。大專體育,64,19-25。
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李國豪(2015)。馬拉松路跑活動服務滿意度與參與動機之研究。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  2. 陳季暐(Ji-Wei Chen);畢璐鑾(Lu-Luan Pi);曾昆一(Kun-Yi Tseng)(2021)。高服務品質馬拉松賽會發展契機。運動休閒管理學報。18(1)。124-143。 
  3. 朱淇銘(2012)。運動觀光體驗行銷、目的地意象對參賽意願之影響研究─以2012MIZUNO高雄國際馬拉松為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-170。
  4. 王文輝(2015)。大學運動場館營運績效評估之實證研究-以國立中正大學為例。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-144。
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