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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 交通部觀光局(2005)。中華民國九十四年台灣地區國民旅遊狀況調查報告。
  2. 朱瑞淵、蔡文凱(2005)。主題遊樂園遊客消費行為與生活型態關係之研究-以月眉育樂世界探索樂園為例。第五屆休閒、遊憩、觀光學術研討會論文集-休閑遊憩行為篇,台中:
  3. 吳佩芬(1996)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。台中,逢甲大學土地管理研究所。
  4. 李孟哲(2000)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。台北,世新大學觀光學研究所。
  5. 李茂興、戴靖惠、吳偉慈譯(2002)。服務業的行銷管理。台北:弘智文化有限公司。
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許勤易(2014)。以IPA模式探討主題樂園服務品質-以義大世界為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2014。1-65。 
  2. 藍青苗(2009)。花蓮遠雄悅來飯店的服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度的研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-82。
  3. 鄭瑞葉(2015)。消費者對茶葉消費動機、消費生活型態與顧客忠誠度關係之研究— 以謝江林茶莊為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-103。
  4. 吳青樺(2015)。不同家庭生命週期與渡假生活型態關係之研究-以臺中市國中教師為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-90。
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