Title

國民小學天文設施規劃之研究-軟體規劃議題分析

Translated Titles

Study of Astronomy Facilities Planning in Elementary Schools-Software Planning Issue Analysis

Authors

薛方杰(Fam-Jye Shae);黃世孟(Shyh-Meng Huang)

Key Words

學校天文設施 ; 天文教育 ; 學校建築規劃 ; School Astronomy Facility ; Astronomy Education ; School Building Planning

PublicationName

建築學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

73期(2010 / 09 / 01)

Page #

1 - 24

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

面對校園中天文設施逐年增加,但卻長期缺乏相關研究可供規劃參考之問題,本研究運用現地觀察、深入訪談等方法,對26所案例國小進行調查分析。本文乃延續「從輔助教學觀點探討國民小學天文設施規劃之研究」一文,接續針對經營管理等議題進行深入探討。依據調查發現,現有學校常面對:設施維護不易及缺乏維護經費、缺乏專業師資、人力與相關培訓計畫、缺乏跨領域統整及本位課程等問題,而各問題間又相互具關連性,顯示在天文設施規劃上不應僅考量空間設備硬體,而應同時對經營管理、師資人力及課程教材等議題進行規劃。建議未來學校於規劃時應考量各類設備保養維修、更新與營運經費等需求;預先確認專業教師人力及擬定組織與培訓計畫;及藉由統整方式規劃本位課程教材,並回饋於設施空間之規劃作業上。

English Abstract

The size of school astronomy facilities has continued to increase. However, insufficient research exists to facilitate planning for these facilities. This project includes a site observation and interviews at 26 elementary schools. This article is the second part of the paper, ”Study of Astronomy Facility Planning to Support Education in Elementary Schools,” and it discusses deeper management and planning issues. Based on the investigation, schools usually face several problems, such as lack of sufficient funding to maintain equipment, a shortage of professional teaching resources, a lack of adequate training, and insufficient multidisciplinary integration of courses. These problems interact with each other, which means that planning for astronomy facilities should not only consider hardware but also management, teaching resources, and course materials. Based on the findings of the study, several suggestions are made. First, planning should consider the needs related to maintenance, equipment renewal, and operation costs during the planning stage. Second, teacher resources represent the key to success in school astronomy education, and these must be organized first. Third, planning and space design should integrate course materials.

Topic Category 工程學 > 土木與建築工程
Reference
  1. 中央研究院(2008)〈台灣天文歷史追溯〉http://74.125.153.132/search
  2. 天文科教館(2007)〈天文館史〉http://www.tam.gov.tw/cgi-bin/SM
  3. 台南縣政府(2008)〈南瀛天文教育園區〉http://www.tainan.gov.tw/CP
  4. 自然科學博物館(2007)〈認識科博館〉http://www.nmns.edu.tw/nmns/01intro/
  5. 教育部(2003)〈國民中小學九年一貫課程綱要〉http://www.edu.tw/eje/index
  6. 全國法規資料庫(2006)〈教師法〉http://law.moj.gov.tw
  7. Beane, J. A.(1997).Curriculum integration-Designing the core of democratic Education.New York:
  8. Butterfield, E. C.,Nelson, G. D.(1983).Theory and practice of teaching for transfer.Educational Communications and Technology Journal,37(3),5-38.
  9. Fogarty, R.(1991).Ten ways to Integrate Curriculum.Educational Leadership,October,61-64.
  10. Furlong, V. J.,Hirst, P. H.,Pocklington, K.,Miles, S.(1988).Initial teacher training and the role of the school.Milton Keynes:Open University Press.
  11. Gardner, H.(1993).Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice.New York:Basic Books.
  12. Lave, J.,Wenger, E.(1991).Situated learning legitimate peripheral participation.New York:Cambridge University Press.
  13. Pate, P. E.(1997).Making integrated curriculum work.New York:
  14. Piaget, J.(1955).Logic and Psychology.New York:Basic Book.
  15. Sagan, C.(1995).The demon-haunted world: Science as a candle in the dark.New York:
  16. Shulman, L.(1987).Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform.Harvard Educational Review,57(1),1-22.
  17. SooHoo, S.(1993).Students as partners in research and restructuring schools.The Educational Forum,57(3),386-393.
  18. Wilson, S.,Wineburg, S.(1988).Peering at history through different lenses.Teachers College Record,89(4),525-539.
  19. 王美芬(1992)。自然科錯誤概念之研究。臺北市立師範學院學報,22,367-400。
  20. 林志隆、曾郁丹(2006)。臺灣的星象館發展。科學教育月刊,290,2-45。
  21. 邱美虹、陳英嫻(1995)。月相盈虧之概念改變。師大學報,40,509-548。
  22. 邱貴發(1992)。從教學實作中學習教學概念:以超媒體爲例。視聽教育,33(4),1-11。
  23. 侯政宏(1996)。國立臺灣師範大學。
  24. 姜滿(1990)。台南師院輔導區國小地球科學教師教學意見調查研究。初等教育學報,3,557-577。
  25. 翁金鶯(2002)。國立屏東師範學院。
  26. 翁慶才(2002)。也談天文教育。天文雙月刊,52,9-12。
  27. 耿崇華(2005)。南華大學。
  28. 陳文屏(1999)。論臺灣之天文教育。物理雙月刊,21(6),671-676。
  29. 陳玉玲(2000)。國立政治大學。
  30. 傅麗玉(1999)。新竹縣國民小學自然科學教師及非自然科學教師之世界觀研究。科學教育學刊,7(2),177-198。
  31. 曾松峰(2002)。臺北市立師範學院。
  32. 廖家怡(2008)。國立宜蘭大學。
  33. 廖雯玲(1998)。國立臺南師範學院。
  34. 熊昭弟(1995)。對國小自然科新課程教材法之建議。國立編譯館通訊,6,13-18。
  35. 劉德勝、黃釗俊、王明仁(1996)。國小四、五、六年級學生天文知識背景調查。科學教育研究與發展季刊,4,30-46。
  36. 蔡安理(2007)。臺北公會堂天文台。天文館期刊,37,9-12。
  37. 鄭文光(2003)。國立屏東師範學院。
Times Cited
  1. 王滿馨(2011)。宜蘭縣國民小學優質教育學校環境規劃圖像之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-343。