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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明政(2001)《文化福利權:臺灣原住民族社會福利政策之研究》。臺北:雙葉書廊。
  2. 李明政、葛應欽、衛民(1998)《原住民族社會福利體系之規劃》。臺北:行政院原住民族委員會。
  3. 李翠萍(2006)《社會福利政策執行網絡分析》。臺北:秀威資訊科技有限公司。
  4. 高毓璇(2005)《都市原住民青少年飲酒行為之質性研究—以臺北都會區阿美族為例》。臺北醫學大學醫學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 張又升(2004)《社會福利的「最後一哩」-鄉鎮市(區)公所福利輸送角色與功能之探討》。國立臺灣大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玉珉(2015)。彰化縣社福宅急便資源整合計畫實施成效之探討─治理網絡觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-389。 
  2. 張世全(2016)。都原樂舞狩獵者的原鄉與回鄉。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2016。1-204。
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