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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 200 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周思源、李玫姿、梁文敏、郭憲華、張麗惠、賴璟賢、朱日橋、郭憲文 (2006). 台灣地區在校青少年吸菸、喝酒及嚼食檳榔與藥物使用之盛行率. 中台灣醫誌, 11(4), 177-186.
  2. 陳建仁(1999).流行病學:原理與方法. 台北市:聯經.
  3. 劉美媛、周碧瑟 (2001). 台灣在校青少年飲酒盛行率與相關因探討. 台灣衛誌, 20(2), 143-152.
  4. Agosti, V., & Levin, F. R. (2006). The effects of alcohol and drug dependence on the course of depression. American Journal on Addictions, 15(1), 71-75.
  5. American Psychiatric Association, AMA (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 ed, DSM-IV, Washington DC.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美霞(2011)。臺北市某私立高職學生自尊與物質濫用行為相關性研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-151。
  2. 李建明(2011)。大學生成癮物質使用行為及其影響因素模式之建構與檢證-以臺北地區為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2011。1-237。
  3. 謝雅萍(2012)。臺北市高中職學生酒類媒體廣告訊息接觸、飲酒知識、飲酒態度與飲酒行為之相關研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-178。
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