Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音(2002)。臺灣社會中的補充及另類療法:概況及使用。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告(計劃編號:NSC 90-2412-H-002-019)。
  2. 丁志音(2003)。誰使用了非西醫的補充與另類療法?社會人口特質的無區隔性與健康需求的作用。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,22(3),155-166。
  3. 何宗融、馬作鏹、陳朝宗、呂東武、邱晏麟、高木榮、陳泰佑、林昭庚(2005)。冰凍肩在中醫骨傷與西醫復健臨床療效之比較初探。臺灣中醫醫學雜誌,4(1),58-73。
  4. 汪秀玲、關皚麗、蕭元哲、黃俊英(2007)。醫師主管對醫院總額管理實務態度之探索性研究。醫務管理期刊,8(4),317-337。
  5. 林恆慶、吳傳頌、許佑任、陳楚杰(2005)。臺灣基層醫師對家庭醫師制度的認知、態度及認可之模式。臺灣家庭醫學雜誌,15(1),11-24。
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