Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 175 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王怡茵 ( 民97 ) ,「建構服務創新衡量模式之研究-以台灣國際觀光旅館業為例」,長榮大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 10. 林義屏(民90),「市場導向、組織學習、組織創新與組織績效關係之研究-以科學園區資訊電子產業為例」,國立中山大學企業管理研究所博士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  3. 14. 許秉瑜,申元宏,蕭文龍,莊芷萱,陳炫碩(民97)「探討電腦自我效能對於ERP系統成功之影響」電子商務學報,頁379-402。
  4. 16. 莊立民(民91)。組織創新模式建構與實證之研究,未出版,國立成功大學企業管理研究所博士論文,台南市。
  5. 19. 楊錦榮(民98)「國營事業公司創業精神之實證研究--兼論高階管理團隊之影響」,長榮大學高階管理碩士專班碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
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