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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文科(2000)。教育研究法。台北:五南。
  2. 吳明清(2004)。小學英語教育問題。臺灣教育,629,45-48。
  3. 林水波與張世賢(1996)。公共政策。台北:五南。
  4. 林政逸(2004)。國民小學英語教育政策執行影響因素及實施現況之研究。國立台中師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  5. 張明輝(1999)。九O年代中小學學校教育革新之策略與展望。教育資料集刊,43,103-137。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹永名(2008)。外籍教師來台生活適應與教學經驗之研究-以台東縣為例。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-112。 
  2. 許西玲(2018)。我國國民小學進行國際交流的現況與問題研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學研究所學位論文。2018。1-501。 
  3. 李威廷(2011)。本地與外籍教師進行協同教學後教學行為之轉變 —以台中某國小為例。嶺東科技大學國際企業系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-107。
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