Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署 (2011) 。99年主要死因分析。臺北市:作者。
  2. 行政院體育委員會 (1998) 。組織條例。臺北市:作者。
  3. 呂亞力 (1973) 。簡論「領導階層」研究。食貨月刊,3 (4) ,30-38。
  4. 林瑞山 (2008,9月10日) 。公務人員退休所得合理化改革方案之分析:菁英理論觀點。T&D飛訊,73。取自http://www.ncsi.gov.tw/NcsiWebFileDocuments/d4bf46 e4f945ccd3b90fb7988da2a540.pdf
  5. 林鈺祥 (2009) 。中國政治繼承對上海地區經濟發展之影響:1978-2007「修正」菁英理論的觀點 (未出版碩士論文) 。國立成功大學,台南市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴育聰(2015)。縣市政府與非營利組織公私協力之研究─以臺中市「打造運動島專案」為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-247。 
  2. 廖佐富(2017)。十二年國民基本教育入學方式政策變遷之研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系學位論文。2017。1-208。
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