Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何涵君(2011)。日治時期臺灣田徑運動之研究-以全島性賽會為中心。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-148。 
  2. 吳坤季(2010)。帝國符碼與殖民策略──《臺灣日日新報》圖像內容分析。國立臺北教育大學台灣文化研究所學位論文。2010。1-147。 
  3. 謝明如(2006)。日治時期臺灣總督府國語學校之研究(1896-1919)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2006。1-394。
  4. 陳玉珍(2007)。臺灣女童的「國民學校學習經驗」研究(1941-1949)。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2007。1-183。
  5. 林丁國(2008)。觀念、組織與實踐:日治時期臺灣體育運動之發展(1895-1937)。政治大學史學研究所學位論文。2008。1-438。
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