Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫本初、鍾京佑(2005)。治理理論之初探:政府、市場與社會治理架構。公共行政學報,16,107-135。
  2. 莊雅茹(2003)。戰後臺灣女性參政之先驅:許世賢(1908-1983)的政治生涯。國立臺灣師範大學歷史研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 郭秋永(2004)。對峙的權力觀:行為與結構。政治科學論叢,20,29-78。
  4. 陳永順(2004a,11月11日)。教科書免費 議員促逐年實施。聯合報,C1/嘉義文教版。
  5. 陳永順、黃煌權(2005,11月22日)動員助選,賴萬鎮請辭局長。聯合報,C1嘉義文教版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王哲祥(2015)。PAM中個體與群體之事實、價值與人際-以南臺灣民眾對「ECFA」之認知、態度與行為為例。中山大學公共事務管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-328。
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