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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣版問卷發展小組,2001,台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊。
  2. [4]台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷小組,2000,台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展簡介,中華衛誌,19(4),315-324。
  3. [5]石集成,1991,老人角色失落感、社會網絡疏離感及經濟不安全感對生活適應之影響研究,國立政治大學社會學研究所碩士。
  4. [8]行政院國民健康局,2006,民國八十九年台灣老人健康之社會因素與生物指標研究,行政院衛生署國民健康局台灣老人研究叢刊系列九。
  5. [9]行政院國民健康局,2006,民國九十二年台灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤(第五次)調查成果報告,行政院衛生署國民健康局台灣老人研究叢刊系列十。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳蓉(2015)。中高齡幸福感變遷與相關因素探討─臺灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤三波調查分析。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-131。 
  2. 黃于庭(2010)。台灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤調查系列之存活分析。成功大學統計學系學位論文。2010。1-85。
  3. 林姿吟(2011)。二元追蹤資料與存活時間的聯合模型 - 以台灣地區中老年人身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2011。1-64。
  4. 王美惠(2011)。探討生活滿意度對台灣地區中老年人存活的影響。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2011。1-88。
  5. 張宸甄(2015)。嘉義縣高齡父母與子女之代間連帶關係和幸福感之相關研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-189。
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