Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Afuah, A., 2004, Business Models: A Strategic Management Approach, N. Y.: McGraw-Hill.
  2. Chesbrough, H. W., 2003, ‘Environmental influences upon firm entry into newsub-markets: Evidence from the worldwide hard disk drive industryconditionally,’ Research Policy, 32: 659-678.
  3. Chesbrough, H. W., 2003, ‘The era of open innovation,’ Sloan Management Review, 44(3): 35-44.
  4. Chesbrough, H. W., 2003, Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
  5. Chesbrough, H., 2003, ‘The logic of open innovation: Managing intellectual property,’ California Management Review, 45(3): 33-42.
Times Cited (30) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張仕豪(2014)。電子產業演進與創新與商業模式探討。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-160。 
  2. 賴草(2014)。探討美髪服務業之創新商業模式與創業家之精神。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-201。 
  3. 王善弘(2012)。能源安全分析架構研究:以台灣能源安全為例。成功大學資源工程學系學位論文。2012。1-98。 
  4. 楊豐豪(2007)。經營模式元件橋接關係之分析。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2007。1-244。
  5. 李興益(2007)。經營模式元件角色之分析。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2007。1-213。
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