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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曲智鑛(2009)。身心障礙大學生支持性服務滿意度與校園整合關係研究(未出版碩士論文)。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系,臺北市。
  2. 吳佩珊(2009)。影響老年身心障礙者主要照顧者生活品質之探討-以中部地區居家服務老人為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立暨南國際大學,南投縣。
  3. 吳明蒼(2008)。大學生休閒態度,休閒動機,休閒滿意與休閒行為因果關係模式之研究。教育研究學報,42,83-100。
  4. 吳明蒼(2013)。護專生休閒態度、休閒涉入以及休閒效益對幸福感之關係。運動休閒管理學報,10,63-85。
  5. 吳明蒼、柳立偉(2009)。休閒滿意預測因子之迴歸與類神經網路分析。運動知識學報,6,69-79。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馬宗福(2017)。男性酒駕收容人休閒態度、休閒參與型態、休閒無聊感關係之研究 -以臺南看守所為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-62。
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