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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江素芬、劉慈惠(2004)。喪偶單親媽媽與她的孩子之間--失去膀臂之後的日子與教養。新竹師院學報,19,113-138。
  2. 李嘉莉(2001)。高雄縣市離婚婦女生活適應及其復原現況之研究。國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所,高雄市。
  3. 利翠珊、蕭英玲(2008)。壓力下婚姻韌性的展現︰夫妻情感與互動行為之影響。應用心理研究,38,151-172。
  4. 吳宇娟(2004)。少年家庭照顧者之生命故事。國立政治大學社會學研究所,臺北市。
  5. 吳婉慧(2000)。三代情-以父母支持離婚女兒為例探究代間協助。國立臺灣大學社會學研究所,臺北市。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陶菁菁(2014)。危機?轉機?~尋找單親新移民女性之韌力。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-106。 
  2. 劉仁傑(2014)。社會工作者的性別意識對不同性別單親家長需求預估態度之影響。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2014。1-177。 
  3. 胡善喻(2014)。單親家長社會支持、親職效能與親職壓力關係之研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2014。1-136。 
  4. 黃怡萍(2014)。探索教育實施對單親家園學員復原力提升之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-131。
  5. 邱憶晨(2016)。探視父母使用未成年子女會面交往服務之親子關係維繫經驗。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2016。1-139。
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