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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子軒(2013)大貓熊腸道微生物於纖維之利用。碩士論文。臺北:臺灣大學動物科學技術學系。
  2. 林家民(2007)精芻料比例調整與飼糧微生物添加對台灣長鬃山羊採食及糞便型態之影響。碩士論文。臺北:臺灣大學動物科學技術學系。
  3. Acierno, M. J., Mitchell, M. A., Roundtree, M.K., and Zachariah, T. T. (2006). Effects of ultraviolet radiation on plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 concentrations in red-eared slider turtles (Trachemys scripta). American Journal of Veterinary Research, 67: 2046-2049.
  4. Banta, C. A, Clemens, E. T., Krinsky, M. M., and Sheffy, B. E. (1979). Sites of organic acid production and patterns of digesta movement in the gastrointestinal tract of dogs. Journal of Nutrition, 109: 1592.
  5. Barboza, P. S. (1995). Digesta passage and functional anatomy of the digestive tract in the desert tortoise (Xerobates agassizii). Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 165: 193-202.
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