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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 九十一年家庭收支調查報告(2003)。行政院主計處。
    2. 古允文(2001)。建構社會安全體系照顧弱勢團體。國政研究報告,財團法人國家政策研究基金會,1-8。
    3. 呂朝賢(1999)。社會救助問題:政策問題、貧窮定義與測量。人文及社會科學集刊,第11卷第2期,233-263。
    4. 呂朝賢、王德睦(2000)。1960s以降的美國貧窮理論:回顧與整合。人文及社會科學集刊,第12卷第1期,149-195。
    5. 巫有鎰(1997)。影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制 : 以臺北市和臺東縣作比較。國立臺東師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
    Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張嘉珊(2013)。物質濫用家庭青少年生活及可能自我之探究。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2013。1-230。 
    2. 王崧任(2011)。青年脫貧歷程之研究—以高雄地區參與教育投資方案之青年為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-203。 
    3. 黃玉蓮(2011)。機構托育品質與經濟弱勢幼兒身心發展之相關研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-139。 
    4. 王牧恩(2007)。弱勢與非弱勢少年無力感之差異分析與相關因素探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-110。 
    5. 侯年陽(2007)。新移民少年之歧視感受、社會控制與偏差行為關聯性研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2007。1-122。
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