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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國永續生態旅遊協會 (2002) 生態旅遊白皮書,台北:交通部觀光局。
  2. 王麗雲、潘慧玲 (2000) 教師彰權益能的概念與實施策略,教育研究集刊,44:173-199。
  3. 朱芝緯 (2000) 生態旅遊遊客守則之研究--以墾丁國家公園為例,戶外遊憩研究13(3):1-22。
  4. 吳欣頤、林晏洲、黃文卿 (2005) 太魯閣國家公園原住民社區居民對發展生態旅遊知認知與需求,戶外遊憩研究,18(4):47-67。
  5. 周淑卿 (2001) 課程決定的賦權迷思-集中化與離中化的探討,教育研究集刊,47:91-106。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖婉儒(2011)。社區本位生態旅遊之發展歷程探討。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2011。1-105。 
  2. 彭安琪(2011)。宜蘭縣無尾港水鳥保護區社區監測的施行與研究。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2011。1-93。 
  3. 胡綱顯(2009)。台灣生態旅遊相關學位論文之內容分析。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2009。1-94。 
  4. 柯明宏(2008)。籌設中國家公園之權益關係人分析研究-綠島之個案。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-106。 
  5. 顏郁樺(2016)。文化生態系服務與人類福祉關係的研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2016。1-74。
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