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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農委會農糧署,2006。『建置稻米產銷專業區工作手冊』。南投:行政院農委會農糧署。
  2. 林寶秀、林晏州,2001。「都市公園分佈型態與居民遊憩品質關係之研究」,『戶外遊憩研究』,14卷,2期,41-59。
  3. 張芳全,2006。「高等教育在學率擴充的因素、類型與差異分析」,『思與言』,44期,2卷,133-187。
  4. 曹添旺,1996。「台灣家庭所得不均度的分解與變化試析,1980-1993」,『人文及社會科學集刊』,8期,2卷,181-219。
  5. 黃昱瞳、楊長興、薛亞聖,2002。「全民健保實施牙醫總額預算制度對醫療資源分布的影響評估」,『台灣衛誌』,21期,6卷,403-410。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤君庭(2012)。台灣農地休耕政策現況之研究-以虎尾鎮為例。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2012。1-113。 
  2. 林宜璇(2010)。專業農民參與「小地主大佃農」計畫之財務評估。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2010。1-100。 
  3. 黃保閎(2017)。影響台灣農民參與農業專區之因素。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-100。 
  4. 李昌鴻(2015)。影響台灣農業收入之因素及政策意涵。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2015。1-127。 
  5. 吳東嶽(2010)。臺灣稻作記帳農戶生產效率之分析–三階段DEA應用。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-110。 
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