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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 195 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 《台北市里長服務手冊》(1993年1月),台北市政府民政局。
  2. 安全&自動化編輯部(2005) 〈台北國際安全科技博覽會大會會刊〉。
  3. 安全&自動化編輯部(2005.4.4)〈ATM的安全建置〉。[Online] Available:
  4. 林燦璋、鄧煌發、毛昆益(2000)〈社區問題導向警政在犯罪預防上的實證研究〉,《中央警察大學學報》,37:1-36。 
  5. 唐筱雯(1999)《台北市公娼之從業歷程及生活世界》。台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林紹鈞(2009)。資訊社會下資訊隱私權之研究—以公共場所設置監視錄影器為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2009。1-97。 
  2. 黃政龍(2009)。科技偵查之研究─以公共空間行動資訊隱私權為範疇。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-336。 
  3. 陳台菁(2015)。住宅門口的領域化拼裝:台北臥龍街研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2015。1-93。 
  4. 林錦鴻(2006)。警察運用監視器之法律問題分析─以警察職權行使法為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2006。1-178。 
  5. 張詠晴(2008)。電視監視器新聞的真實再現與釋義。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2008。1-139。
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