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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.盧業中,「論國際關係理論之新自由制度主義」,問題與研究,第41卷第2期,(2002年),頁43-67。
  2. 3.鄭瑞耀,「國際關係「新自由制度主義」理論之評析」,問題與研究,第36卷第12期,(1997年),頁20。
  3. 5.張雅君,「上海五國安全合作與中共的角色」,中國大陸研究,第44卷第4期,(2004年),頁33-55。
  4. 10.趙哲一、陳楊正光,「新時期國家安全的焦點-非傳統安全的發展趨勢」,Journal of Crisis Management,Vol.6,No.2.,(2009年)。
  5. 11.黃一哲,「上海合作組織的現況與發展」,國防雜誌,第24卷第3期,頁16。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李奇勳(2016)。兩岸反恐合作之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-182。 
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