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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方文彬(2008)。不同教學策略對小六學童的算術解題與代數解題之影響(未發表的碩士論文)。國立台北教育大學數學教育研究所,台北市。
  2. 江美娟(2002)。後設認知策略教學對國小數學學習障礙學生解題成效之研究(未發表的碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育學系,彰化縣。
  3. 李宜蓉(2010)。一~九年級數學教科書中代數符號及等號概念之發展設計(未發表的碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學數學系,台北市。
  4. 李尉菱(2009)。後設認知策略運用於英語聽力教學之行動研究(未發表的碩士論文)。私立淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班,新北市。
  5. 邱上真、詹世宜、王惠川、吳建志(1995)。解題歷程導向教學對國小四年級數學科低成就學生解題表現之成效研究。特殊教育復健學報,4,75-108。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝明鳳(2015)。電子教科書融入合作學習對九年級學生 數學學習動機與學習成效之影響。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-141。 
  2. 劉娟宇(2016)。電子教科書融入合作學習之教學設計對國小學生音樂學習態度與學習成效影響之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-130。
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