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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 186 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李耀泰(2008),〈新加坡勞、資、政三邊關係的檢視:一個歷史制度主義的觀點〉,《人文暨社會科學期刊》,第4卷,第2期,頁93-107。
  2. 林國明(2002),〈到國家主義之路:路徑依賴與全民健保組織體制的形成〉,《臺灣社會學》,第5期,頁1-71。
  3. 胡至沛(2001),〈新制度主義的檢視與反省〉,《中國行政評論》,第11卷,第1期,頁145-162。
  4. 范燕秋、潘佩君,〈「樂生療養院保存運動」的影像紀要〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》第59期,頁295-314。
  5. 黃宗昊(2004),〈台灣政商關係之演變:歷史制度論分析〉,《問題與研究》,第43卷,第4期,頁35-72。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明潔(2016)。中央體育行政機關組織變革之研究:歷史制度論觀點。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-314。 
  2. 詹茗荏(2011)。臺灣農地政策之變遷:反應序列觀點。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-232。
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