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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方婷、李玉嬋、潘愷(2001)。國立台北護理學院學生輔導需求之調查研究。醫護科技學刊,3(3),215-230。
  2. 王宗吉(2000)。運動社會學。台北:紅葉。
  3. 田秀蘭(1998)。我國大專學生生涯決定問題分類系統之研究。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告(NSC 87-2413-H-153-004)。
  4. 呂淑蘭(2009)。師範院校體育人的教甄生涯規劃與發展。國立臺北教育大學體育研究所碩士論文。未出版,台北市。
  5. 呂碧琴(2006)。運動員全人教育的理念與作法。運動教練科學,6期,頁155-163
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雪玉(2012)。學生運動員職涯轉銜諮商模式之追蹤成效評估。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-92。 
  2. 蔡豐憶(2016)。角色衝突與體保生的生活適應-以北部一所國立大學為例。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2016。1-51。
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