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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊杰(2010)。國民小學校長轉型領導與學校效能關係之研究--以臺北縣為例。國立東華大學教育行政與管理學系碩士班論文,花蓮縣,未出版。
  2. 王雅芳(2012)。國民小學校長專業領導行為、學校內部社區感與學校效能之研究。 國立中正大學教育學研究所,碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 伍超奇(2009)。澎湖縣國民小學教師知覺校長課程領導與學校效能分析。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文,臺北市,未出版。
  4. 仲秀蓮(2004)。臺北縣市國民小學校長正向思考、領導型式與學校效能關係之研究,國立臺北教育大學教育學院教育經營與管理學系碩士論文,臺北市,未出版。
  5. 仲秀蓮(2011)。臺灣地區國民小學校長正向領導、學校文化對學校創新經營效能影響之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學院教育經營與管理學系博士論文,臺北市,未出版。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃君婷(2015)。醫院主管正向領導、樂觀性格與自我效能關係之研究-以高屏地區為例。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2015。1-132。
  2. 謝宛婷(2016)。新北市公立學校附設幼兒園兼主任職務教師的工作壓力與教學效能之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-144。
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