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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 仲秀蓮(2011)。臺灣地區國民小學校長正向領導、學校文化對學校創新
  2. 李勇緻(2012)。 新北市國小校長正向領導與學校效能之研究(未出版碩
  3. 李建德(2012)。臺北市國小行政人員自我管理與正向領導之研究(未出
  4. 吳秀珍(2012)。國民小學校長正向領導與學校組織氣氛關係之研究(未
  5. 林凱莉(2013)。國民小學校長正向領導、教師組織公民行為與學校組織
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅文興(2015)。國民小學校長學習領導之研究-以新北市五位校長為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 李昆泰(2013)。國民中學生教組長之角色知覺與工作滿意度研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-285。 
  3. 梁忠三(2007)。桃園縣立國民中學學校行政職務分派性別角色刻板印象之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-174。
  4. 邱鈺婷(2009)。六位國中女校長的問題解決心智運作:後結構女性主義的分析觀點。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2009。1-232。
  5. 陳展宇(2011)。撼動你心─敘說探究一位新創國中女校長的領導心法與衝突管理經驗。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-155。
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