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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 1216 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. Lowell Dittmer等合著;包宗和、吳玉山主編,《重新檢視爭辯中的兩岸關
  2. 33. 翁知銘著,《話中有劃─美中戰略經濟對話》,台北:威秀資訊科技出版,
  3. 42. 羅文俊著,《不能說的秘密─中共國防白皮書之戰略意涵(1998-2010)》, 台北:思行文化傳播有限公司出版,2013年。
  4. 43. 羅德明等合著,包宗和、吳玉山主編,《重新檢視爭辯中的兩岸關係理論》, 臺北:五南文化出版,2012年9月。
  5. 1. 方天賜,〈印度的巴基斯坦政策---在國會攻擊事件後採行強制外交的成效與 侷限〉,《遠景季刊》,第3卷第4期(民國91年10月),頁69-96。
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