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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昭儀(2006).醫學中心護理人員之勞動條件對其 工作壓力、工作負荷及疲勞影響之研究.臺灣大學.Available from Airiti AiritiLibrary database. (2006年)。
  2. 余玉如、洪淑文、吳羿寬、蔡麗娟、王惠美(2008).雲嘉地區醫院護理人員工作滿意與生活品質之探討.護理雜誌, 55(2), 29-38。 doi:10.6224/JN.55.2.29
  3. 李佩珊、鍾佳雯、程小育、郭淑珍 (2008).輪班工作對生活品質的影響:深度訪
  4. 吳秀美、劉佩芬、何雪華、陳品玲、趙慧玲、陳小蓮(2012).最後一哩學程改善新進護理人員職場疲勞與工作表現之成效探討.護理雜誌,59(4),30−42。[Wu, H. M., Liu,P. F., Ho, H. H., Chen, P. L., Chao, H. L., & Chen, H. L.(2012). Reducing occupational burnout and enhancing jobperformance in new nurses: The efficacy of “last mile”programs. The Journal of Nursing, 59(4), 30−42.] doi:10.6224/JN.59.4.30
  5. 周春芬、方進博(2015).護理人員工作特質與職業疲勞的相關性研究.[Correlation between Job Characteristics and Occupational Fatigue in Nurses].護理雜誌,62(5), 41-50。doi: 10.6224/jn.62.5.41
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