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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于瀾、林秀美(2015),馬偕紀念醫院臺東分院醫事放射師其工作壓力、身心健康狀態之關係,臺灣應用輻射與同位素雜誌,第11卷第2期,頁1115-1122。
  2. 史麗珠、張薰榕、劉孟茹、鄭秀貴(2007),醫療工作的壓力源感受量表之設計及信效度檢定,臺灣公共衛生雜誌,第26卷第6期,頁452-461。
  3. 朱玉華、張永源、黃志銘(2010),醫院組織氣氛、員工工作滿足與離職傾向之探討,安泰醫護雜誌,第16卷第4期,頁245-260。
  4. 李明濱、廖士程(2009),憂鬱症高風險危險群自我檢測,醫療品質雜誌,第3卷第2期,頁32-36。
  5. 沈秀娟(2002),精神醫療機構護理人員工作壓力之探討。成功大學環境醫學研究所碩士論文。
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